Golden Retriever – Active, outgoing, and huggable
The Golden Retriever is famous all throughout the world as being one of the best family dogs. Most families welcome them into their homes because they are sweet and gentle with children and love playing fetch. They are also used as aid dogs, therapy dogs, and retrievers for the Police. They are very affectionate and are very patient. They are eager to learn tricks and commands and do so quite easily. They love being around their human families and will follow them everywhere they go. Golden Retrievers are very active dogs and are great for those who love jogging, hiking, or swimming. They are peaceful and even though they are large, they will still try to climb onto your lap if you sit down on a chair or couch! All around, they are lovable and even though they might leave lots of dog hairs on everything, they are great companions to all.
Golden Retriever – Description
The Golden Retriever is classified to the Sporting group and is a large sized dog. The average male height and weight is 23-24 inches and 65-75 pounds. The average female height and weight is 21-22 inches and 55-65 pounds.
They have a double coat with the outer coat being soft and either wavy or straight. They undercoat is somewhat water resistant and protects them from colder temperatures. The hair is long in length. The color is of a yellow color and can vary from dark gold to a light cream-ish color.
There are two groups from which the Golden Retriever can be classified: the English and the American. The English Golden Retriever is shorter, stockier, and have longer hairs. The American is not as stocky and is more lean in appearance. Both have broad heads and chests. They both have muscular bodies with long tails.
Golden Retriever – Temperament
The gentleness and sweet nature of the Golden Retriever makes them the perfect family dog. They are loyal to their families and are very patient with children. They are not considered to be aggressive and due to their wanting to make as many human friends as possible, they aren’t the best guard dogs. They might bark at those they don’t know, but they will probably give them a friendly greeting instead of being over protective of their family. Due to their close bond with their family, they can develop separation anxiety when their family is away. This can be a serious problem and should be handled right away if your dog shows signs of this anxiety.
Golden Retrievers love playing fetch and love running around in large open spaces. They are easily excitable and their high energy level keeps them active for long periods of time.
The Golden Retriever is surprisingly adaptable to his surroundings. The best situation is if he had a large fenced-in backyard to run around in, but they also do well in larger apartments. Apartment living only works if they get proper exercise outside of the home as well. Golden Retrievers are quite active and it is essential that they get a physical and mental challenge daily. They love running in local dog parks, which gives them a chance to socialize with other dogs, and they love activities such as retrieving Frisbees, or sticks, or a ball (or anything that you throw!). They also make great companions for those who love jogging, hiking, and swimming, for their high endurance levels help them to keep up with you! Physical exercise helps prevent them from becoming obese, which can cause many health issues if not kept in check. They also love mental exercises. Toys such as the Classic Kong help to keep their brain active and prevent them from becoming too bored. Plus, they LOVE peanut butter! A little dab of pb inside the Kong is a welcomed treat any time of day!
Children and other pets
The Golden Retriever is known for their good behavior with kids. Most Golden Retrievers can tolerate the roughness of children pulling on ears and tugging on the tail. However, each has a different tolerance level and the owner must be aware of their dog’s tolerance before introducing kids to the dog. Children must always be taught how to interact with a dog (i.e. no pulling and tugging of ears or tails, and no touching the dog when he is sleeping or eating). No matter how friendly a dog can be, never leave a dog unsupervised with a child.
If the Golden Retriever has had plenty of exposure to other dogs, cats, and small animals, and has been trained how to interact with them, he’ll be friendly with other pets, too.
Golden Retriever – Training
Luckily for dog trainers out there, Golden Retrievers are very easy to train. They can master commands such as sit, come, and stay quite quickly. Their eagerness to learn and their bright intelligence makes them the perfect candidates for obedience and agility competitions as well as a Police dog in locating drugs or other objects. Not only do the Police train Golden Retrievers in object recognition, but so can you! They do really well in this type of exercise. Due to their gentle nature, they are great as aid dogs for the elderly as well. They also make great therapy dogs because they are very patient dogs. Training while young is essential (as is for any dog breed). This helps correct bad behavior at a young age where they are easier to handle. Training alongside other dogs is great to help with their social skills. Proper and early socialization is very important and should start when young.
Golden Retriever – Health Problems
Just like with any breed, Golden Retrievers are generally healthy but they can be prone to certain illnesses or disorders. These include hip dysplasia, cataracts, elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, skin allergies, and heart disease. They can also become obese if not properly exercised or are consistently overfed. This can lead to other health issues.
Golden Retriever – Life expectancy
The life expectancy for the Golden Retriever is about 10 to 13 years.
Golden Retriever – Litter size
The Golden Retriever has on average 8 puppies in a litter.